本州的州名曾有過一有趣的歷史，對於阿肯色州的州名在建州之初曾有兩方人馬對此有不同的見解。一派人認為阿肯色州應該拼為 “Arkansaw” 然而另外一派則希望使用 “Arkansas”。 兩派人馬爭執不休，而為了平息紛爭，州會則決定通過第四號議案，決定州名應該拼做 “Arkansas”，但是發音方式則是使用 “Arkansaw”的發音法。此法案在1947年曾稍做修改，並將州名的發音方式列入官方立法之中。
Arkansas, officially "The Natural State", is a state of mountains, valleys, dense woodland and fertile plains. Its clear lakes and streams and abundant wildlife help to make tourism one of the state's most important industries.
Arkansas became a state on June 15, 1836.
There is an interesting story about the spelling and pronunciation of the name of the state. In the early days, a couple of U.S. Senators had disagreement on the spelling and pronunciation of Arkansas. Some preferred to be called the senator from Arkan"saw" while the other favor the name Ar"Kansas".
In 1881, the conflict was resolved by the state General Assembly. Concurrent Resolution No. 4, which stated that the state's name was to be spelled "Arkansas" but pronounced Arkan"saw", was passed. The act was modified in 1947 to more specifically address the pronunciation of the state's name.
In the past, Arkansas’s agriculture was mainly cotton, however nowadays, there are also farms for rice and soybeans. The well known chain supermarket, Walmart, is from Arkansas.