阿拉巴馬州

Alabama
所在國家:美國

城市介紹

阿拉巴馬州(Alabama

 

阿拉巴馬州,也是電影阿甘正傳中的男主角「阿甘」成長的地方,於1819年正式加入美國聯邦州,成為美國的第二十二州。阿拉巴馬州位於美國東南邊,又被稱做是「迪克西的心臟」(迪克西意指美國南部各州與代表美國北部各州的洋基一詞相對)原本一直是由印地安人所佔領,直到十六世紀此地成為歐洲人的殖民地為止。

十九世紀上半葉,阿拉巴馬州的經濟以棉花業與奴隸勞工為中心。而阿拉巴馬州在美國內戰時期也扮演了舉足輕重的地位,其首都蒙哥馬利是美國內戰時期美利堅邦聯的第一個首都。戰爭結束後,白人與黑人的間的爭鬥越演越烈,在二十世紀中葉,阿拉巴馬州是美國民權運動的搖籃,許多重要的平權抗議事件都發生在此,例如聯合抵制蒙哥馬利公車運動。

 

今日阿拉巴馬州的主要經濟活動為航空運輸業、農業、自動化生產業以及一般服務業。

 

As the home of the famous Forrest Gump, Alabama joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819. It is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by American Indians as early as 10,000 years ago. Europeans came to Alabama in 16th century.

During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were the center of   Alabama’s economy. The state played an essential role in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy’s first capital. Following the war, segregation of blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In the early 21st century, the economy of the state was mainly based on jobs which are related to aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector.

 

  

 

Keywords: 阿拉巴馬州留學、阿拉巴馬州遊學

地圖

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